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Meridian Institute

Low-Carbon Fuels Advisory Council

Related: Climate Change

The Low-Carbon Fuels Advisory Council was established by the Environmental Defense Fund as a forum for private consultation among primary stakeholders about the advancement of low-carbon liquid transportation fuels. The stakeholders included representatives of conventional fuel, biofuel, and automobile companies; agricultural interests; and environmental organizations. Meridian Institute served as facilitator for the Council from 2007 to 2009.


The development and production of low-carbon fuels has the potential to make a significant contribution to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs). However, there is scientific uncertainty about how to measure and account for GHG emissions associated with all of the different types of liquid transportation fuels. The Low-Carbon Fuels Advisory Council deliberated over principles related to the accounting of GHG emissions associated with liquid transportation fuels, as well as the public policies needed to advance low-carbon fuels.


Recognizing the need for an in-depth examination of the science involved in evaluating the GHG emissions of transportation fuels, the Council helped design (and many Council members participated in) a two-day “Workshop on Measuring and Modeling the Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Impacts of Transportation Fuels.” The workshop was co-sponsored by the Environmental Defense Fund, the Energy Biosciences Institute, and the Energy and Resources Group at the University of California, Berkeley. The workshop took place in July 2008 in Berkeley and was attended by 130 individuals representing major institutions in all affected sectors, including state and federal government. Meridian facilitated the workshop and drafted a summary report.

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