• Staff
  • Board of Directors
  • Contact Us

Meridian Institute

Modalities and Guidelines for REDD+ Reference Levels

External Project Site: REDD-OAR.org
Related: Climate Change, Environment and Natural Resources

In anticipation of the 17th annual UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP17) in Durban, South Africa, the Government of Norway commissioned Meridian Institute to undertake an options assessment effort focusing on modalities for REDD+ Reference Levels. This project follows on two previous Norway-sponsored options assessment activities (REDD-OAR and REDD+ IOA).

The December 2010 Cancun Agreements mandated that the Subsidiary Body on Scientific and Technical Advice (SBSTA) develop modalities relating to forest Reference Emission Levels and forest Reference Levels for consideration at the seventeenth annual Conference of the Parties (COP17) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This options assessment process was intended to help support and inform UNFCCC parties and other stakeholders leading up to and beyond COP17. The project occurred in two phases, both resulting in published reports—one in June 2011 and one in December 2011.


REDD+ is Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and includes the conservation and sustainable management of forests as well as the enhancement of forest carbon stocks. Establishing agreed-upon modalities for Reference Levels is a critical design element of an international REDD+ mechanism, since there will be a need for commonly accepted approaches for estimating benchmarks and measuring emission reductions due to REDD+ efforts.

Meridian Institute convened and facilitated a group of independent, international expert authors to provide an objective assessment of the key technical and procedural issues related to the development of modalities for REDD+ reference levels in the first report, followed by an options assessment of guidelines for how these modalities might be pursued. Meridian Institute also designed and facilitated electronic and group consultations to inform the reports, as well as side events and briefing activities at the UNFCCC conferences.

The phase one report, “Modalities for REDD+ Reference Levels: Technical and Procedural Issues,” was delivered at the UN Climate Change Conference in June 2011 in Bonn, Germany. The phase two report, "Guidelines for REDD+ Reference Levels: Principles and Recommendations," was delivered at COP17 in Durban, South Africa.

For more information on these efforts and to access the two Reference Levels reports as well as the previous options assessments facilitated by Meridian Institute, visit http://REDD-OAR.org.





For information on additional Meridian Institute work relating to the UNFCCC process, please visit the link below.



Project Contacts